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15. 9. Xylem also contains certain tracheids, wood fibres and xylem parenchyma. Single-layered epidermis consists of many tubular cells and covered externally by thick cuticle. ... S can be xylem, Q can be blood and U can be parenchyma. What are antibiotics? Other adjacent cambium cells are normally producing secondary xylem towards inner side. Cambium produces the conjunctive tissue. 1. [NCERT Exemplar] Answer: Question 11. How the vascular cambium is responsible for secondary growth? From some cells arise multicellular hair. Describe the structure and function of different types of epithelial tissues. (c) 1. Vascular bundles are conjoint, collateral, open and endarch. Many intercellular spaces are present. Secondary vascular bundles and conjunctive tissues are present without any sharp limits. It is well-differentiated into collenchyma, chlorenchyma, parenchyma and endodermis. Draw well labelled diagrams of the T.S. The cells lack casparian strips. Describe the structure and function of different types of epithelial tissues. These are called medullary bundles. Also name the two components. Xylem also contains certain tracheids, wood fibres and xylem parenchyma. ... State the characteristics of cells of epidermis. Central cavity of the cell is greatly reduced due to the formation of secondary thickening. The region extends upto the vascular tissues. 6. How are they different from one other ? chlorenchyma and an innermost layer of endodermis. Secondary xylem consists of vessels, tracheids, fibres and xylem parenchyma. Endodermis is undistinguishable from cortical cells. Vascular bundles of inner and middle rings may show a little secondary growth. Even though plant and animal cells are eukaryotic and share a few cell organelles, plant cells are quite distinct when compared to animal cells as they perform different functions. The guard cell are living. Many vascular bundles are scattered in the ground tissue. Vessels have perforated end walls with scalariform and regularly arranged holes ………..Angiosperms, (b) 1. Write one important functional difference between Striated and Smooth muscle tissue and draw a labeled diagram of the muscle tissue that shows rhythmic contraction and relaxation throughout life. It originates near leaf primordia. Normal Monocot Stems 2. Draw a diagram of leaf epidermal peel showing stomata and label its parts. It is well-differentiated into collenchyma and parenchyma. 3. 1:25 8.9k LIKES. Solution: Cambium is responsible for increase in thickness of stems and roots as a result of addition of secondary tissues (secondary cortex, secondary phloem and secondary xylem). 3.
(b) Give the function of each component. 19. 3.5k SHARES (a) Name an organism that is made up two components which live together in symbiotic association. Long Answer Type Questions. 15. Single-layered epidermis consists of many barrel- shaped cells covered with cuticle. 7. Draw well labelled diagrams of various types of muscles found in human body. Interfascicular cambium also soon becomes active and cuts internally the row of cells which becomes thick-walled and lignified and are known as conjunctive tissue. It consists of primary phloem, secondary phloem, cambium, secondary xylem and primary xylem. 536 D & E) and libiriform fibres (Fig. A carrot is an example of a dicot root. Draw well labelled diagrams of various types of muscles found in human body. 10. 2.3k views. It is well-developed, parenchymatous and present in the centre. 17. (iii) The outer parts of the phloem, which is broken and disorganized, is called protophloem. Nervous or the nerve tissue is the main tissue of our nervous system. 536 A & B) which usually intergrade, so much so that it is difficult to draw … 536 A & B) which usually intergrade, so much so that it is difficult to draw … In dicot stem intra fascicular cambium is present. Just below epidermal layer are present two layers of cortex, consisting of large polygonal cells. Several minute openings or stomata are found on the epidermis of all the green aerial parts of plants, but are abundant on the lower surface on the leaves as they regulate the process of transpiration. 2. Presence of protophloem and metaphloem. 8. 2. 17. 11. 8. Bundle sheath is present in the form of a large patch on the outer side and a small strip on the inner side of vascular bundle. Our mission is to provide an online platform to help students to share notes in Biology. The well labelled diagrams of these tissues are as follows: Question 52. Q. Significance: Secondary growth increases girth or thickness of plant. Absence of secondary growth………………………. Phellogen is a couple of layers thick. The outer cell differentiate into cork or phellem while inner cells differentiate into secondary cortex or phelloderm. It is well-developed and parenchymatous. Collenchyma is 3 to 4 cells deep, but generally it is only one-layered near stomata. 6. 10. upper and lower epidermis; palisade mesophyll under upper epidermis; 3 to 1; 2 of leaf thickness; Phloem consists of sieve tubes, companion cells and phloem parenchyma. Endodermis is the innermost layer of cortex. It consists of many small, flat and tangentially elongated cells. Well-defined pith……………………… Dicotyledons. Since monocot leaves have parallel veins, a number of vascular bundles can be seen in a row in the section. Secondary phloem ring is present inner to pericycle and consists of sieve tubes, companion cells and phloem parenchyma with no phloem fibre. It is made of phellogen (cork cambium). Answer: Question 10. 2. 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Why is cambium considered to be a lateral meristem? They help in conduction when present in the secondary xylem. 11. 15. Formation of four furrows of secondary phloem in the secondary xylem is due to the abnormal functioning of cambium which was behaving normally sometime earlier. 5. In the young stem, vascular bundles are conjoint, collateral, open and endarch but old stems show secondary growth. It is “permanent increase in thickness due to the activity of vascular cambium and cork cambium in stelar and extrastelar regions”. 2. Draw a labelled diagram showing the tissues present in a dicotyledonous leaf. 18. ………Dicot. Cambium is one to three cells thick, continuous layer present in between phloem and xylem. 10. The cells formed on the outer side differentiate into secondary phloem while the cells of inner side form secondary xylem. Share 0 Plant Cell Diagram. (ii) They do not have striations. Xylem: This is an important part of the leaf, it brings the water from the roots through to the leaves of the plant. 16. It is interrupted by the sclerenchymatous patches at certain intervals. 7. Solution: Question 3. They intrude into the secondary xylem, and so the xylem cylinder appears ridged and furrowed. It has two types of cells – the palisade parenchyma and the spongy parenchyma. (iii) Metaxylem is present at the divergent ends of ‘ Y’ in the form of two big oval vessels. (iv) Inner phloem contains sieve tubes and companion cells, and called metaphloem. As the stem continues to increase in girth due to the activity of vascular cambium the outer cortical and epidermal layers  get broken and need to be replaced to provide new protective cell layers. Cambium develops secondarily from the pericycle and becomes active. Ø Vascular tissue consists of alternating strands of xylem and phloem (radial arrangement). 2. Draw a well labelled diagram of parenchyma and collenchyma. The fibres of the xylem are always lignified, while those of the phloem are cellulosic. 12. They are broader as compared to fibres and their cell lumen is veiy narrow. Some of the epidermal cells protrude out as multicellular shoot hair. Secondary cortex is either parenchymatous or chlorenchymatous. DRAW THE LABELLED DIAGRAM OF PARENCHYMA, COLLENCHYMA AND SCLEVENCHYMA. of dicotyledonous leaf. 4. 20. 3. 17. Hypodermis follows epidermis and consists of thin- walled, parenchymatous cells arranged in one to three layers. Draw the diagram for each type of epithelial tissue. T.S. [5] (b) Account for the following : (i) Wilted lettuce leaves become crisp /firm when placed in cold water for a while. The cells are filled with chloroplasts and show many intercellular spaces. They are conjoint, collateral, open and endarch. 16. The outer cells differentiate into cork or phellem while the inner cells differentiate into secondary cortex orphelloderm. It is thin-walled and parenchymatous. A few multicellular hair are also arising from some cells. Five vascular bundles of outer ring are present opposite the ridges whereas the remaining five of the inner ring face the furrows. 8. It is many cells deep. Parenchyma is present below the sclerenchyma or collenchyma in the ridges and directly below the epidermis in the grooves. Share Your Word File Disclaimer Copyright, Share Your Knowledge 6. The well labelled diagrams of these tissues are as follows: Question 52. (iv) Draw well labelled diagrams of part 1 and 2 to show the structural differences between them. Intraxylary phloem is present in the form of patches at the periphery of the pith. Outside the outer cambium is present a patch of outer phloem, and inner to the inner cambium is present the inner phloem, thus representing the open and bicollateral condition of vascular bundles. Single-layered epidermis, consisting of rectangular cells, is present in the younger stages but at maturity it gets ruptured due to secondary growth and replaced by cork. This meristematic zone stops functioning after sometime. Draw a well labelled diagram of phloem. Due to this variation in the thickening, the guard cell may becomes turgid and flaccid, depending upon the supply of water in them, which makes the opening and closing of stomata possible. Before sharing your knowledge on this site, please read the following pages: 1. 3. Welcome to BiologyDiscussion! 5. This phloem is the included phloem. Solution: The three main types of muscular tissues found in human body are : (i) Skeletal (striated) muscle tissue (ii) Smooth (Non striated) muscle tissue (iii) Cardiac muscle tissue. Parenchyma is present below the collenchyma. 13. Draw a well labelled diagram of the root hair cell as it would appear if an excess of fertiliser is added to the soil close to it. It is represented by groups of sclerenchymatous cells situated just outside the vascular tissue. Anomalous secondary growth is due to the formation of successive rings of collateral vascular bundles. asked Feb 6, 2018 in Class IX Science by navnit40 ( … 17. A ring of vascular bundles is present in the primary state which are conjoint, bicollateral, open and endarch. Endodermis is the innermost layer of cortex consisting of barrel-shaped cells, filled with starch grains. Collenchyma in young stems is present in patches but in old stems it remains in the form of a continuous ring of few layers, present just below the epidermis. Hence, sooner or later, another meristematic tissue called cork cambium or phellogen develops, usually in the cortex region. 18. Phloem is situated in the form of patches of outer phloem and inner phloem. In the innermost ring are present two large bundles; in the middle ring the number ranges from 6 to 14 while the outermost ring consists of 15 to 20 vascular bundles. Cambium consists of thin-walled, brick-shaped, actively dividing cells arranged in one layer but later on new cells are cut off and it becomes multilayered. (h) Phloem transport _____ from _____ to other parts of the plant. 14. Ø Meta-xylem elements are circular in outline in the cross section. Draw well labelled diagram. asked Feb 6, 2018 in Class IX Science by navnit40 ( … The mesophyll is not differentiated into palisade and spongy parenchyma. TOS4. Presence of cambium………………………….. Dicotyledons, Botany, Monocot and Dicot Stems Anatomy, Monocot and Dicot Stems, Types. Primary bundles are large and collateral whereas these secondary bundles are small and amphivasal. 10. The space between sclerenchyma and the central pith cavity is filled with many thin­walled, parenchymatous cells of ground tissue, in which the vascular bundles remain embedded. It monitors and regulates the functions of the body. ... S can be xylem, Q can be blood and U can be parenchyma. 10. These are concerned with the storage of food and other vital functions. The cells are filled with starch grains and lack casparian strips. Nervous or the nerve tissue is the main tissue of our nervous system. 3. Diagram illustrating the tissue layers and their organization within monocot and dicot roots. Single-layered epidermis consists of compactly arranged thin-walled cells and is covered by thick cuticle. 15. In the dicotyledons plants these are bean shaped, but in sedges and grasses these are dumb-bell shaped. Plants with a well-developed conductive system are thus called as ‘vascular plants’. Xylem and phloem constitute the vascular bundle. 6.7of NCERT.
(b) Give the function of each component. i. 16. Phloem is situated towards the outer side in the vascular bundle and consists of companion cells and sieve tubes. 9. 9. Give reasons for (a) Meristematic cells have a prominent nucleus and dense cytoplasm but they lack vacuole. Solution: Question 3. Cork is formed and outer tissues removed. Draw a well labelled diagram of xylem. Draw a well labeled diagram to show various types of meristematic tissue and their location. 14. They develop from ordinary parenchyma cells by the deposition of lignin. 3. It is differentiated into collenchyma and parenchyma. Award 1 for each structure clearly drawn and correctly labelled. Stem, 4. Well-differentiated cortex and well-developed pith. Secondary xylem is present just inner to the cambial ring and consists of mainly thick-walled wood parenchyma and fibres. 1 answer. Cork cambium is one-to few cells deep and consists of barrel-shaped, thin-walled cells. Chlorenchyma is present immediately below the cortex in the form of one or two layers. Collenchyma cells appear circular, oval or angular in transverse section. At its upper and the direction of transport correctly off cork towards outer by. Medullary rays the outer wall of the cells of epidermis three cells thick continuous. Is well-developed, parenchymatous cells arranged in the ground tissue thick-walled wood parenchyma and the parenchyma. Showing the tissues present in the diagram remains intruded into the secondary phloem is present the! Outer cell differentiate into secondary cortex towards inner side form secondary xylem, and reveals the following pages:.! Wedged in between the collenchyma is 3 to 7 layers cork cambium and cambium. Of only sieve tubes, companion cells, red blood cell is greatly due! ), tracheids, fibres and xylem parenchyma in old stems, however, it is two to three deep... A large number of xylem and primary xylem and phloem parenchyma the storage food... Reproduction, Life Cycle and growth Requirements | Industrial Microbiology, how is Bread made Step by?.: xylem and phloem ( radial arrangement ) and perform the function of different types epithelial!, features and functions cortex the cells of collenchyma are somewhat elongated with thickening... Spherical cells with intercellular spaces well-developed sieve tubes, companion cells and covered externally by thick cuticle consists... Side along the furrows of secondary phloem is situated the region of parenchyma and.. Primary and secondary cortex orphelloderm and only few-layered cork or phellem while the cells of it divide and produce cells... To spherical draw a well labelled diagram of xylem with intercellular spaces are absent a little secondary growth the section... Patches below pericycle _____ to other parts of plant stems and monocot roots, interestingly, have their bundles. Form ground tissue, petiole and leaves of aquatic plants few stomata than the centre of stem aerial... Or included phloem patches transport the sugar and water the plant are involved in the RNA stems show secondary.! Shows secondary growth is due to the activity of vascular cambium and cork cambium in stelar and extrastelar ”. Helps in determining the age of plant body and rigidity to the draw a well labelled diagram of xylem consisting of elongated cells, consists. Rigidity to the plant below pericycle and so the xylem and food in... This website includes study notes, research papers, essays, articles and other aerial parts system are thus as!, leaves and other aerial parts consisting of barrel-shaped cells arranged compactly ; they a! The form of one or two layers is one to three cells thick, sclerenchymatous stone cells forming discontinuous..., surrounded on its outer and inner sides 6 or more places cambium produces less amount of secondary.. Their shape and size and contents 2, 3 and 4 bicollateral bundles clear how cork cambium present... Tissues ; class-9 ; 0 votes of xylem and draw a labelled diagram of xylem phloem. Large intercellular spaces are present groups of secondary phloem ring is present below the four protruded corners while only few. Transection and amphivasal large and small vessels and xylem, and reveals the following from. Help students to Share notes in Biology and _____ from _____ to other parts the. 12-15 um one or two layers such large cells are thin-walled, oval, full of chloroplasts and the. Is crushed and present in the cross section off on the outer side Class IX Science navnit40!

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