meenakshi temple architecture

Residences with its traditional planning with courtyards and thinnai helps with the hot weather and provides natural surveillance. The major ‘gopurams’ of the temple are listed below: The temple also has numerous pillared halls called ‘Mandapams.’ These halls were built by various kings and emperors and they serve as resting places for pilgrims and devotees. The temple also celebrates ‘Navarathri festival.’ During ‘Navarathri’ the temple displays colorful dolls which are collectively called ‘gollu.’ ‘Gollu’ often convey stories from mythological scenes. Shiva and Meenakshi returned to Madurai where their wedding took place. After the city's destruction in the 14th century, the Tamil tradition states that the king Vishwantha Nayaka rebuilt the temple and the Madurai city around it in accordance with the principles laid down in the Shilpa Shastras(… However, the temple was rebuilt as it is today throughout the sixteenth century, as it was destroyed by Muslim invaders. The Meenakshi Temple in Madurai is one of the best examples of Dravidian architecture that exists in southern India. The temple also contains several rooms with columns called "Mandapams". The temple has a total of 14 towering gateways. "Yajna" was executed by a king named Malayadwaja Pandya with his wife Kanchannamalai. Meenakshi Amman Temple dates back to the first century AD, where scholars claim to be as old as the city itself. They were also told that the third girl's breast would disappear as soon as she met her future husband. Courtesy www.indiatraveltours.com . When Malayawada and his wife expressed concern about the abnormal appearance of the girl, a divine voice instructed them not to be concerned about the girl's physical appearance. If Tamil Nadu is the seat of South Indian temple architecture, the Madurai Meenakshi Amman Temple is its crowning glory. Worshipers generally worship Meenakshi before the Sundarswarar prayer. Apart from the four ‘gopurams,’ the temple also houses many other ‘gopurams’ that serve as gateways to a number of shrines. Some religious texts belonging to the first century to the fourth century AD speak of the temple and describe it as the central structure of the city. According to legend, Meenakshi came out of "Yajna" (Holy Fire) as a three-year-old girl. The Meenakshi Amman Temple in South India is one of the largest sacred sites for Hindus. Legend has it that she even captured Indralok, the abode of Lord Indra, and was on her way to capture Kailash, the abode of Lord Shiva, as well. Meenakshi Amman Temple, also known as Minakshi-Sundareshwara Temple, is one of the oldest and most important temples in India. The Sundareswarar shrine is known as one fifth of ‘Pancha Sabhai’ (five courts) where Lord Shiva is believed to have performed the cosmic dance. The temple forms the center and lifeline of Madurai's 2,500-year-old city. However, the temple is definitely one of the "wonders of India". So tall pillared halls, and a water tank for ritual bathing. During "Navarathri", the temple displays colorful dolls collectively called "gollu". There are many shrines built within the temple complex. When Shiva appeared before her, Meenakshi’s third breast disappeared and she knew that she had met her better half. According to a legend, Meenakshi emerged out of a ‘Yajna’ (sacred fire) as a three-year-old girl. Despite many people visiting it every day, the temple is well-maintained and was named the ‘Best Swachh Iconic Place’ (cleanest iconic place) in India. This is among the most famous temples of India which is known throughout the world for its outstanding and impressive architectural beauty. Gullu often conveys legendary scenes.Also read:- Places to visit in Shimlaimage source- google. Urban Grains of the city. City’s fabric is defined by its distinct urban grains. Meenakshi Temple, Madurai. The city and the temple align to the directions of the compass. During his reign, several "Mandapams" (pillar rooms) were built. Renowned for its astonishing architecture, Meenakshi Temple was nominated as one of the wonders of the world, but couldn’t make it into the list of ‘Seven Wonders of the World’. The palanquin is worn to the shrine every night and returned to the Sundareswarar shrine every morning. The Meenakshi Amman Temple is an important Hindu temple located in the city of Madurai, which is situated in the southern Indian state of Tamil Nadu. Even today, the wedding ceremony is celebrated every year as ‘Chithirai Thiruvizha’ which is also known as ‘Tirukalyanam’ (the grand wedding). During the ‘Tirukalyanam Festival,’ which takes place over a period of 10 days, the temple attracts more than a million devotees. The temple occupies a huge area in the heart of Madurai as it spreads over 14 acres. Some of these include ‘Vasantham festival,’ ‘Unjal festival,’ ‘Mulai-Kottu festival,’ ‘Arudhra Dharsan festival,’ ‘Thai utsavam,’ ‘Kolattam festival,’ etc. Apart from the main festival, which is basically the wedding ceremony of the deities, a number of other festivals are celebrated in the temple. Our mission is to provide a … It is dedicated to Parvati and her consort, Shiva, here called Sundareswarar, known as Meenakshi. Architecture The Goddess Meenakshi Amman, who is the incarnation of the Goddess Parvati is the main deity in this Temple. Nevertheless, the … The temple is square shaped and a series of concentric streets with names from Tamil months surround the structure. The temple complex is the center of the old city of Madurai. The present temple was constructed during the reign of Tirumalai Nayak, a king who lived during the 17th century. The crowning glory of temple architecture of South India, Meenakshi Amman Temple is one of the most popular attractions in Madurai.Placed on the southern banks of river Vaigai the temple is dedicated to Goddess Meenakshi (Parvati), the consort of lord Shiva, who here is known as Sundareswarar. Though the temple is mentioned in early literature, the present structure has undergone many a renovation and rebuilding. Madurai Meenakshi Temple Architecture Meenakshi temple is situated in the heart of the city of Madurai. But the reign of the Nayaks marks the golden period of Madurai when art, architecture and learning flourished expansively. The Meenakshi Sundareshwarar temple is the nucleus of this ancient city. Dedicated to Lord Shiva and Goddess Meenakshi, this temple has become a major tourist spot over the years and is often referred to as the ‘Mathura of South’. • Meenakshi Temple - Built by Pandya Rulers – This Structure has been Constructed in Madurai in Early 17th Century - 1623 AD Prepared By- Ar.Roopa Chikkalgi. It has long been the focus of both Indian and international tourist attraction as well as one of the most important places of Hindu pilgrimage. The temple is enclosed with huge walls, which were built in response to the invasions. Apart from the two main shrines, which are dedicated to Sundareswarar and Meenakshi, the temple has shrines dedicated to various other deities like Ganesha and Murugan. Meenakshi Sundareswarar Temple or Meenakshi Amman Temple is a historic Hindu temple which is located in the city of Madurai in Tamil Nadu. Madurai Meenakshi Temple is world-renowned for these spectacular towers in and around the temple, which can be seen from a long distance. Sundareswarar Mausoleum is known as the "Pancha Sabhai" (five pieces) where Lord Shiva is believed to have performed the cosmic dance. The temple also has a consecrated pond named ‘Porthamarai Kulam.’ The term ‘Potramarai Kulam’ is a literal translation of ‘pond with a golden lotus.’ The structure of a golden lotus is placed at the center of the pond. These rooms were built by different kings and emperors, and they serve as resting places for pilgrims and lovers. Meenakshi Temple, Madurai The ancient city of Madurai, more than 2,500 years old, was built by the Pandyan king, Kulashekarar, in the 6 th century B.C. Ancient mythology has it that Lord Shiva came down in the form of Sundareswarar to marry Meenakshi, anincarnation of Goddess Parvati, who … Read Travel News From India and Around the World. MEENAKSHI. Each one of them is a multi-storey structure and displays thousands of mythological stories and several other sculptures. All the informations listed here is purely based on my personal experience of the city and temple. It is said that the wedding was attended by all the gods and goddesses. A few religious texts that belong to the 1st to 4th century C.E talk about the temple and describe it as the central structure of the city. The Temple Architecture The Madurai Meenakshi Temple is one of the largest temples in India and is an architectural wonder. Since the royal couple had no child, the King offered his prayers to Lord Shiva, requesting him to grant them a son. The history of Meenakshi Temple dates back to the 1st century C.E with scholars claiming it to be as old as the city itself. The temple is a symbol of Dravidian architecture, known for its … The temple was completely restored in 1995. "Silpa Shastras" is a set of architectural laws found in ancient texts. Each of these festivals has its own meaning and is celebrated for several months throughout the year. In addition to the main festival, which is basically the deity's wedding, many other festivals are held at the temple. It is dedicated to Parvati who is known as Meenakshi and her consort, Shiva, named here as Sundareswarar. The temple has four main towering gateways (gopurams) that look identical to each other. Located on the southern bank of the Vaigai River in Madurai, this Hindu temple is an epitome of classic architecture with murals so gorgeous that it will take your breath away. The temple was once again expanded by Thirumalai Nayak who ruled over Madurai from 1623 to 1655. Madurai Meenakshi temple special darshan through tall entry gate towers on two or more sides. History: Meenakshi Amman Temple is a historic Hindu temple located in the southern bank of river Vaigai in the temple city of Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India. The Pandyans were also great patrons of architecture, and the famous Meenakshi Temple in Madurai is a testimony to this. A mandala is a structure built according to the laws of symmetry and loci. Meenakshi ruled the ancient city of Madurai and also captured the neighboring kingdoms. The palanquin is taken into the shrine every night and is brought back to the shrine of Sundareswarar every morning. In addition to the two main shrines, dedicated to Sundareswarar and Meenakshi, the temple contains shrines dedicated to various other deities such as Ganesha and Murugan. Meenakshi Temple Architecture The architecture and layout of this temple are among its outstanding features. Valuables, such as gold, silver and precious gems were taken to Delhi. Discover new destinations,Travel guide and travel tips from Domestic and international travel experts. The temple occupies a large area in the heart of Madurai, spanning 14 acres. When the Vijayanagar Empire took over Madurai after defeating the Muslim Sultanate, the temple was rebuilt and reopened. The king relieved her of Meenakshi, and in time, he headed as his successor. Then the Lord Sundareswarar who is the incarnation of God Shiva is the other main deity in this Temple.There are many Gopuram (gate tower) in this Temple. Dedicated To: Meenakshi (Goddess Parvati) and Sundareswarar (Lord Shiva), Major Festival: Tirukalyanam Festival / Chithirai Thiruvizha. But to their dismay, a triple-breasted girl emerged from the sacred fire. Meenakshi Amman Temple, also known as Minakshi-Sundareshwara Temple, is one of the oldest and most important temples in India. The temple was further expanded during the late 16th century and early 17th century by Vishwanatha Nayakar, a king of the Nayaka dynasty. Privacy Policy. Sort by: Top Voted. Vijayanagara period . This is the currently selected item. Sundareswarar Gopuram Shrine: This is the oldest "gopuram" in the temple and was built by Kulasekara Pandya. Next lesson. The entrance door was rebuilt by Tumpichi Nayakkar in the middle of the sixteenth century. During the 14th century C.E, Malik Kafur, a commander of Delhi Sultanate, led his army into most parts of southern India and looted many temples including the famed Meenakshi Temple. TEMPLE ARCHITECTURE. Since the royal couple had no children, the king presented his prayers to Lord Shiva, and asked him to give them a son. Madurai Meenakshi temple architecture is a wonderful Dravidian design southern states of India. The entire structure, when viewed from above, represents a mandala. One of the rituals involves placing an image of Sundareswarar inside a palanquin which is then moved to the shrine of Meenakshi. It is divided into several concentric quadrangular enclosures having high masonry walls. During his reign, many ‘Mandapams’ (pillared halls) were built. The Meenakshi temple is dedicated to goddess Meenakshi, the Consort of Lord Siva. I would highly… Meenakshi temple’s planning was the basis of core city’s planning. The temple deteriorated again and parts of it were destroyed during the British government. Meenakshi Amman Temple. The temple as it stands today, however, was rebuilt throughout the 16th century as it was destroyed by the Muslim invaders.Â. In Tamil folklore, the pool is believed to be a resident to review the value of any new literature. Some of these include "Vasantham Festival", "Unjal Festival", "Mulai-Kottu Festival", "Arudhra Dharsan Festival", "utsavam Thai", "Kolattam Festival", etc. The temple also houses the gods Lakshmi, Rokamini, and Saraswati. Meenakshi’s shrine is located to the southwestof Sundareswarar’s shrine; the north east position being that of dominance, architecturally, the shrine to Sundareswarar shows this dominance. The temple was completely restored in 1995. The most important part of Madurai tour, this temple was built during the Pandya reign and is now under the administration of HR and CE department of Tamil Nadu. According to the researchers, during the reconstruction of the temple, the rulers of the Nyaka dynasty followed the architectural style "Silpa Shastras". Even today, the wedding is celebrated every year as "Chithirai Thiruvizha", also known as "The Great Wedding.". Meenakshi stems out of the designer’s journey for exploration, reverence for design and love for detail in the architecture of the temple towns in Tamil Nadu, India. The entire structure, when viewed from above, represents a mandala. But to her panic, a girl with two breasts escaped from the sacred fire. A mandala is a structure built according to the laws of symmetry and loci. There are various shrines built within the temple complex. Architecture of Meenakshi Temple is spectacular and it forms one of the largest temple complexes of the state of Tamil Nadu. It is a master piece and was the center of activity for the promotion of art and culture in Madurai. Kadka Gopuram: This opulent entrance gate leads to the main shrine of the Meenakshi goddess. The temple was expanded by many of the rulers of Nyaka before the emergence of the British East India Company. It’s complex is huge and is divided into a number of quadrangular enclosures supported by high brick walls. It is said that Lord Shiva blessed this pond and declared that no marine life would grow in it. Kulashkarar Pandian, the king who ruled the Pandian dynasty, is said to have built the temple according to the instructions given in his dream by Lord Shiva. The term "Potramarai Kulam" is a literal translation of "pond with golden lotus". It is dedicated to Parvati, known as Meenakshi, and her consort, Shiva, here named Sundareswarar. It is also one of the main attractions of South India, where thousands of worshipers invade it daily. For the people of Madurai, the temple is the very center of their cultural … Here are some of the most important "mandapamates": Since Meenakshi is the chief deity of the temple, the temple indicates the importance of women in the Hindu Tamil family. The temple structure with its concentric squares and high walled enclosures is a lesson for students of architecture. It consists of monuments inside a number of concentric enclosures, each layer fortified with high masonry walls. Shiva and Meenakshi returned to Madurai where they held their wedding ceremony. This vast temple complex has numerous mandapams exposing architectural marvels starting from the Pandya period to the end of the nineteenth century. The temple also celebrates the "Navarathri Festival". It is believed that Lord Shiva assumed the form of Sundareswarar (the handsome one) and married Parvati (Meenakshi) at the site where the temple is currently located. The temple also depicts the friendly relationship between Shaivism, Vaishnavism, and Shaktism. It is said that the wedding was attended by all gods and goddesses. This is decidedly the oldest city of South India, truly representing Dravidian culture. The Koodalazhagartemple is also located to the Southwest of the Sundareswarar temple, thus reflecting the I have recently visited the place and was left with extremely rich experience of ancient Indian Architecture and Culture. The entire structure, which appears from above, represents the mandala. The majestic temple is built in the architectural style called the Dravidian … Quick Facts: Address: Madurai Main, Madurai, Tamil Nadu 625001; Height: 52 m; Architectural style: Dravidian architecture; Photography: Not allowed inside the temple The temple construction was comprising the philosophy stated in earlier Purans, various Granthas and gradually developed for its spatial arrangement, structural forms and decorations. When Malayadwaja and his wife expressed their concern over the girl’s abnormal appearance, a divine voice ordered them not to fret over the girl’s physical appearance. The sthapatis were trained to interrelate the Shastras with Prayoga. The Meenakshi temple is believed to be founded by Indra (king of Devas) while he was on a pilgrimage. There are 4 gates that provide entry into the temple and these are situated in the four directions, namely, North, South, East, and West. The road trip started at magnificent Meenakshi Temple in Madurai and ended at Mahabalipuram. The relieved King named her Meenakshi and in due course crowned her as his successor. This temple is dedicated to the goddess Meenakshi, who is regarded to be an Avatar of Parvati, and her consort, Shiva, in his form as Sundareswara. The temple is enclosed with huge walls, which were built in response to the invasions. According to researchers, while rebuilding the temple, the rulers of Nayaka dynasty followed the architectural style of ‘Silpa Shastras.’ ‘Silpa Shastras’ are a set of architectural laws found in the ancient texts. Mandala is a structure built according to the laws of symmetry and position. Since the temples in those days had an abundance of valuables, most of the temples were destroyed and left in ruins. Meenakshi Temple is the most exquisite example of the Dravidian architecture. The temple has 14 towers known as Gopurams, the tallest of the tower zooms to a height of 170 feet. The first Madurai Nayak king Vishwanatha Nayak (1529–64 CE) redesigned the city as per the rules of architecture that are laid out in the Shilpa Shastras. The Meenakshi temple is easily the masterpiece of Dravidian architecture. They were also informed that the girl’s third breast will disappear as soon as she meets her future husband. Some of the most important ‘mandapams’ are given below: Since Meenakshi is the main deity of the temple, the temple signifies the importance of woman in a Tamil Hindu family.

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